SILVER TRAVERTINE NATURAL STONE
The word 'travertine' is derived from the Italian travertino, itself a derivation of the Latin tiburtinus ‘of Tibur’. Its namesake is also the origin of Tivoli, a district near Rome Travertine is one of numerous natural stones that are used for pavement of patios and garden paths. It is sometimes known as travertine limestone or travertine marble; these are the same stone, although travertine is classified properly as a type of limestone, not marble. The stone is characterised by pitted holes and troughs in its surface. Although these troughs occur naturally, they suggest signs of considerable wear and tear over time. It can also be polished to a smooth, shiny finish, and comes in a variety of colors from grey to coral-red. Travertine is most commonly available in tile sizes for floor installations.
ABRASION (The ability of a material to resist surface wear) :- Thus material has relatively high abrasion resisitance. Its rates as a 7 or higher in the Mohs scale. Quatzite or granite typically fall into this range. This material is less likely to scratch THAN MARBLE, LIMESTONE , ONYX, SLATE, ETC
ABSORPTION ( The relative porosity of a material ):- This material has a low to moderate absorption rate. Always seal this material prior to use. To reduce the appearance of stains, always wipe up spils immediately. Oil and highly pigmented liquids can penetrate and stain the stone and may need poultice to remove stain.
ACID (The likelihood of a material reacting to acidic foods or liquids) :- This material is minimally sensitive to acids. It will not acid etch or lose its surface shine when expised to acidic liquids such as lemon or tomatoes.
FREEZE THAW (The ability of a material to withstand freeze-thaw cycles in exterior applications) :- Due to known material weakness or because this material has not been tested, this material is not approved for use in exterior applications.
It is a natural sedimentary rock that is most often found in Italy but travertine deposits are also common in Turkey, Mexico, Peru, Croatia, Iran and even China. It is also found in the USA but most of the material used there is imported. The quality and characteristic of travertine differ depending on the region of its origin due to the different geology there.
Travertine is a terrestrial sedimentary rock with crystalline-texture and is composed of calcite (CaCO3), which is form of a limestone deposited by hot mineral springs. It is formed by the precipitation of carbonate minerals and its porosity is due to the presence of organisms such as macrophytes, bryophytes, algae, etc. Its natural colour is white but travertine is also found in tan, creamy or rusty varieties. The red colour of travertine and its different strength is due to the presence of iron carbonate. This natural stone is mostly formed at the mouth of hot springs or in limestone caves, where it forms different speleothems (cave formations), such as stalactites and stalagmites.
One of the most unique and ideal features of travertine is its weathered and rustic look, which makes it the great stone if you want to re-establish romantic atmosphere at your home. As it is a porous stone, travertine tiles are offered in two variants – filled and unfilled. The filled ones are smoother, more durable and have a more modern look compared to the natural porous ones. The finishing of the tile is also important as it highlights one or another quality of this excellent material. There are usually four types of finishes that are applied to travertine – honed, polished, brushed and tumbled.
Polished travertine is bright and shiny and very smooth. It will reflect light in amazing way and sometimes it is even mistaken for marble with this finish. One of the drawbacks is that such tiles are quite slippery especially when wet.
Honed travertine, on the other hand, is the most preferred option both for floor and counter top tiles. The surface is still polished but not to a glossy bright extent but left matte and is non-slippery. This type of finish is closer to the natural look of the stone.
Tumbled and brushed travertine look a lot alike. The tiles with such a finish have muted colours and almost doesn't reflect the light. Tumbled travertine has a distinctive weathered and antiqued look.
Since Ancient times travertine is being used as building material and a lot of amphitheaters, aqueducts, baths, etc. were made of it. An excellent example of the longevity of the stone is the Coliseum, which is the biggest building made almost entirely of travertine. Other famous buildings and structures include the Colonnade of St. Peter's Square in Rome, the Sacre-Coeur Basilica in Paris and many others. Even Michelangelo chose travertine for the external ribs of the dome of St Peter's Basilica. In modern history travertine is also used for construction and outer layer of famous buildings some of which are the Shell-Haus in Berlin and the Getty Center in Los Angeles. As a contrast to the magnificent buildings comes yet another usage of travertine – as a stone for beautiful jewelry. It can be turned into amazing pendants, bracelets, necklaces, etc. Some modern artists also turn the stone into beautiful sculptures that interact with the environment.